Peer-Reviewed Publications

Dethier, M.N.  1980.  Tidepools as refuges: predation and the limits of the harpacticoid copepod Tigriopus californicus (Baker).  J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 42: 99‑111.

Dethier, M.N.  1981.  Heteromorphic algal life histories: the seasonal pattern and    response to herbivory of the brown crust, Ralfsia californica.  Oecologia 49: 333‑339.

Dethier, M.N.  1982.  Pattern and process in tidepool algae: factors influencing seasonality and distribution.  Bot. Mar. 25: 55‑66.

Dethier, M.N.  1984.  Disturbance and recovery in intertidal pools: maintenance of mosaic patterns.  Ecol. Monogr. 54: 99‑116.

Dethier, M.N. and D.O. Duggins.  1984.  An “indirect commensalism” between marine herbivores and the importance of competitive hierarchies.  Am. Nat. 124:205‑219.

Duggins, D.O. and M.N. Dethier.  1985.  Experimental studies on herbivory and algal competition in a low intertidal habitat.  Oecologia 67: 183‑191.

Dethier, M.N.  1987.  The distribution and reproductive phenology of intertidal fleshy crustose algae in Washington.  Can. J. Bot. 65:1838‑1850.

Dethier, M.N. and D.O. Duggins. 1988.  Variation in strong interactions along a geographical gradient: a Washington‑Alaska comparison.  Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser.             50:97‑105.

Dethier, M.N., D.O. Duggins, and T.F. Mumford. 1989. Harvesting of non‑traditional marine resources: trends and concerns.  Northwest Environmental Journal 5:71‑87.

Steneck, R.S., S.D. Hacker and M.N. Dethier. 1991.  Mechanisms of competitive dominance between crustose coralline algae: an herbivore‑mediated reversal. Ecology 72:938-950.

Dethier, M.N., K.M. Paull and M.M. Woodbury. 1991. Distribution and thickness patterns of subtidal encrusting algae from Washington.  Botanica Marina 34:201-210.

Dethier, M.N. 1992. Classifying marine and estuarine natural communities: an alternative to the Cowardin system.  Natural Areas Journal 12(2):90-100.

Dethier, M.N. 1992. Sampling biodiversity of the marine intertidal zone of the Olympic coast. Northwest Environmental Journal 8:139-140 (Research Note).

Dethier, MN, Graham, ES, Cohen, S, and Tear, LM 1993. Visual versus random-point percent cover estimations: “objective” is not always better. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 96:93-100.

Steneck, R.S. and M.N. Dethier 1994. A functional group approach to the structure of algal dominated communities. Oikos 69:476-498.

Dethier, M.N. 1994. The ecology of intertidal algal crusts: variation within a functional group. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 177:37-71.

Steneck, R.S. and M.N. Dethier. 1995. Are functional classifications different for     marine vs terrestrial plants? A reply to Grime. Oikos 73:122-124.

Schoch, G.C. and M.N. Dethier. 1996. Scaling up: the statistical linkage between organismal abundance and geomorphology on rocky intertidal shorelines.  J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 201:37-72.

Simenstad, C.A., M.N. Dethier, C. Levings and D. Hay. 1996. The Terrestrial/Marine Ecotone. Chapter 7 (pp. 149-187) in: The Rain Forests of Home: Profile of a North American Bioregion. P. Schoonmaker, B. von Hagen, and E. Wolf, editors. Island Press.

Schoch, G.C. and M.N. Dethier. 1998. Marine nearshore ecosystems: are they healthy? Exclusive Economic Zone Technology, 2nd Edition, pp. 27-32.

Hammerstrom, K., M.N. Dethier and D.O. Duggins. 1998. Rapid phlorotannin induction and relaxation in five Washington kelps. Marine Ecology Progress Series 165:293-305.

Van Alstyne, K.L., M.N. Dethier and D.O. Duggins. 2001. Spatial patterns in macroalgal chemical defenses. Chapter 8 (invited) in: J. McClintock and B. Baker, eds. Marine Chemical Ecology. CRC Press.

Dethier, M.N. and R.S. Steneck. 2001. Growth and persistence of diverse intertidal crusts: survival of the slow in a fast-paced world. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 223:89-100.

Hacker, S.D., D. Heimer, C.E. Hellquist, T.G. Reeder, B. Reeves, T. Riordan, and M.N. Dethier. 2001. A marine plant (Spartina anglica) invades widely varying habitats: potential mechanisms of invasion and control. Biological Invasions 3:211-217.

Haring, R.N., M.N. Dethier and S.L. Williams. 2002. Desiccation facilitates wave-induced mortality of the intertidal alga, Fucus gardneri. Marine Ecology Progress Series 232:75-82.

Dethier, M.N., K. McDonald, and R.R. Strathmann. 2003. Colonization and connectivity of habitat patches for coastal marine species distant from source populations. Conservation Biology 17:1024-1035.

Hacker, S.D. and M.N. Dethier.  2003.  Community dependent invasion and removal of English cordgrass, Spartina anglica, in Puget Sound, Washington.  Botanical Electronic News 312.

J.T. Wright, S.L. Williams and M.N. Dethier. 2004. No zone is always greener: Fucus gardneri embryos, juveniles and adults are differentially affected by season and zone. Marine Biology 145:1061-1073.

Dethier, M.N. and G.C. Schoch. 2005. The consequences of scale: assessing the distribution of benthic populations in a complex estuarine fjord. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 62:253-270.

Dethier, M.N., S.L. Williams and A. Freeman. 2005. Seaweeds under stress: manipulated stress and herbivory affect critical life history functions. Ecological Monographs 75:403-418.

Dethier, M.N. and S.D. Hacker. 2005. Physical factors vs. biotic resistance in controlling the invasion of an estuarine marsh grass. Ecological Applications 15:1273-1283.

Williams, S.L. and M.N. Dethier. 2005. High and dry: variation in net photosynthesis of the intertidal seaweed, Fucus gardneri. Ecology 86:2375-2379.

Hacker, S.D. and M.N. Dethier. 2005. Where do we go from here? Alternative control and restoration trajectories for a marine grass (Spartina anglica) invader in different habitat types. Proc. 3rd International Invasive Spartina Conference. Cambridge Press.

Dethier, M.N. and G.C. Schoch. 2006. Taxonomic sufficiency in distinguishing natural spatial patterns on an estuarine shoreline. Marine Ecology Progress Series 306:41-49.

Murray, S.N., R.F. Ambrose and M.N. Dethier. 2006. Monitoring Rocky Shores. U.C. Press.

Griffiths, J., M.N. Dethier, A. Newsom, J. Byers, J. Meyer, F. Oyarzun, and H. Lenihan. 2006. Invertebrate community responses to recreational clam digging. Marine Biology 149:1489-1497.

Hacker, S.D. and M.N. Dethier. 2006. Community modification by a grass invader has differing impacts for marine habitats. Oikos 113:279-286.

Dethier, M.N. 2006. Native Shellfish in Nearshore Ecosystems of Puget Sound. Puget Sound Nearshore Partnership Report No. 2006-04. Published by Seattle District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Seattle, Washington. 21 pp.

Dethier, M.N. 2007. Two invited chapters in: M.W. Denny and S.D. Gaines, eds. Encyclopedia of Tidepools and Rocky Shores. University of California Press, Berkeley.

Hacker, S.D. and M.N. Dethier. 2009. Differing consequences of removing ecosystem-modifying invaders: significance of impact and community context to restoration potential. Invited chapter for: G. Rilov and J.A. Crooks, eds. Biological Invasions in Marine Ecosystems. Ecological Studies 204, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Dethier, M.N. and S.L. Williams. 2009. Seasonal stresses shift optimal intertidal algal habitats. Marine Biology 156:555-567.

Dethier, M.N., J. Ruesink, H. Berry, A. G. Sprenger, B. Reeves. 2010. Restricted ranges in physical factors may constitute subtle stressors for estuarine biota. Marine Environmental Research 69:240-247.

Dethier, M.N. 2010. Variation in recruitment does not drive the cline in diversity along an estuarine gradient. Marine Ecology Progress Series 410:43-54.

Dethier, M.N. 2010. Overview of the Ecology of Puget Sound Beaches. In: Shipman, H., Dethier, M.N., Gelfenbaum, G., Fresh, K.L. and Dinicola, R.S. (editors), 2010, Puget Sound Shorelines and the Impacts of Armoring—Proceedings of a State of the Science
Workshop: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010–5254, 260 p.

Coyle, J.M. and M. N. Dethier. 2010. Review of Shoreline Armoring Literature. In: Shipman, H., Dethier, M.N., Gelfenbaum, G., Fresh, K.L. and Dinicola, R.S. (editors), 2010, Puget Sound Shorelines and the Impacts of Armoring—Proceedings of a State of the Science Workshop: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010–5254, 260 p.

Wahl, M., V. Jormalainen, B. K. Eriksson, J.A. Coyer, M. Molis, H. Schubert, M.N. Dethier, A. Ehlers, R. Karez, I. Kruse, M. Lenz, G. Pearson, S. Rohde, S. A. Wikstrom, and J. L. Olsen. 2011. “Stress Ecology in Fucus: Abiotic, Biotic and Genetic Interactions”. Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 59, pp. 37-105

Skewgar, E. and S.F. Pearson (Eds.). 2011. State of the Washington Coast: Ecology, Management, and Research Priorities. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA. (contributing author). [Winner, 2011 Best Paper Award, WDFW].

Fresh K.L., M.N. Dethier, C. Simenstad, M. Logsdon, H. Shipman, C. Tanner, T. Leschine, T. Mumford, G. Gelfenbaum, R. Shuman, J. Newton. 2011. Implications of Observed Anthropogenic Changes to the Nearshore Ecosystems in Puget Sound. Prepared for the Puget Sound Nearshore Ecosystem Restoration Project. Technical Report 2011-03.

Dethier M.N. and Harper J. 2012. Classes of Nearshore Coasts. In Wolanski E. and McLusky D.S. (eds) Treatise on Coastal and Estuarine Science, Volume 1, pp. 61-74. Waltham MA. Academic Press.

Britton-Simmons, K.H., A.L. Rhoades, R.E. Pacunski, A.W.E. Galloway, A.T. Lowe, E.A. Sosik, M.N. Dethier, and D.O. Duggins. 2012. Habitat and bathymetry influence the landscape-scale distribution and abundance of drift macrophytes and associated invertebrates. Limnology and Oceanography 57(1): 176-184.

Dethier, M.N., J. Ruesink, H. Berry, A. G. Sprenger. 2012. Decoupling of recruitment from adult clam assemblages along an estuarine shoreline. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 422:48-54.

Orians, G.H., M. Dethier, C. Hirshman, A. Kohn, D. Patten, and T. Young. 2012. Sound Indicators: A Review for the Puget Sound Partnership. Washington State Academy of Sciences, Olympia, Wa. 102 pp.

Dethier, M.N., Elizabeth Sosik, Aaron W. E. Galloway, David O. Duggins, Charles A. Simenstad. 2013. Addressing assumptions: variation in stable isotopes and fatty acids of marine macrophytes can confound conclusions of food web studies. Marine Ecology Progress Series 478:1-14. (Feature Article)

Ruesink, J.L., A.C. Trimble, H. Berry, A.G. Sprenger, M.N. Dethier. 2014. Environmental correlates of growth and stable isotopes in intertidal species along an estuarine fjord. Estuaries and Coasts 37:149-159.

Heerhartz, S.M., M. N. Dethier, J. D. Toft, J. R. Cordell, and A. S. Ogston. 2014. Effects of shoreline armoring on beach wrack subsidies to the nearshore ecotone in an estuarine fjord. Estuaries and Coasts 37:1256-1268.

Lowe, A.T., Galloway, A.W.E., Yeung, J., Dethier, M.N., Duggins, D.O. 2014. Broad sampling and diverse biomarkers allow characterization of nearshore particulate organic matter. Oikos 123:1341-1354.

Galloway, A. W. E., M. E. Eisenlord, M. N. Dethier, G. W. Holtgrieve, M. T. Brett. 2014. Quantitative estimates of isopod resource utilization using a Bayesian fatty acid mixing model. Marine Ecology Progress Series 507:219-232. doi: 10.3354/meps10860

Dethier, M.N., A.S. Brown, S. Burgess, M.E. Eisenlord, A.W.E. Galloway, J. Kimber, A.T. Lowe, C.M. O’Neil, W.W. Raymond, E.A. Sosik, and D.O. Duggins. 2014. Degrading detritus: changes in food quality of aging kelp tissue varies with species. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 460:72-79.

Lowe, A.T., R. Whippo, A.W.E. Galloway, K.H. Britton-Simmons and M.N. Dethier. 2015. Sedentary urchins influence benthic community composition below the macroalgal zone. Marine Ecology 36:129-140.

Cochrane, G.R., Dethier, M.N., Hodson, T.O., Kull, K.J., Golden, N.E., Ritchie A.C., Moegling, C., and Pacunski, R.E., (G.R. Cochrane, ed.), 2015, Salish Sea Map Series—Admiralty Inlet, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015-1073, 34 p., 4 sheets, available at

Murray, S, Stephen B Weisberg, Peter T Raimondi, Richard F Ambrose, Christy A Bell, Carol A Blanchette, Jennifer L Burnaford, Megan N Dethier, Jack M Engle, Michael  S Foster, C M Miner, Karina J Nielsen, John S Pearse, Daniel V Richards, Jayson R Smith. 2016. Evaluating Ecological States of Rocky Intertidal Communities: A Best Professional Judgment Exercise. Ecological Indicators 60:802-814.

Heerhartz, S.M., Jason D. Toft, Jeffery R. Cordell, Andrea S. Ogston, Megan N. Dethier. 2016. Shoreline armoring in an estuary constrains wrack-associated invertebrate communities. Estuaries and Coasts 39: 171-188.

D.O. Duggins, M.C. Gómez-Buckley, R.M. Buckley, A. T. Lowe, A.W.E. Galloway, M.N. Dethier. 2016. Islands in the stream: kelp detritus as faunal magnets. Marine Biology 163 (in press). DOI: 10.1007/s00227-015-2781-y

Dethier, M.N., W.W. Raymond, A. McBride, J. Toft, J. Cordell, A. Ogston, S. Heerhartz, and H. Berry. 2016. Multiscale impacts of armoring on Salish Sea shorelines: evidence for threshold and cumulative effects. Estuarine, Coastal, and Shelf Science 175:106-117.

Dethier, M.N., J.D. Toft, H. Shipman (in press). Shoreline armoring in an inland sea: science-based recommendations for policy implementation. Conservation Letters.

Dayton, P.K., M.N. Dethier, D. Duggins, P. Kareiva, M. Koehl, B.A. Menge, C.A. Pfister, J.L. Ruesink, K. Sebens, B.R. Silliman, and J. T. Wootton. 2016. Resolutions of respect: Robert Treat Paine III, 1933-2016. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 97:359-363.